The Origin of the Sapsaree

Learning the Origin Through Pictures

Silla

General Kim Yu-shin's pet dog (fable)

- a guard dog that fights off evil spirits and protects its nation

Buddhist monk Kim Gyo-gak, also known
as Ji-jang-bo-sal, and a Sapsaree

(Data from Gu-hwa-san/China)

Koryo

Koryo dog (or Gomainu) that protects a gentleman

- appears in Koryo Buddhism paintings, shijos, and recorded to have been
raised by Japanese royal house and gentlemen

Koryo Buddhism Painting, Triad Portrayal of Jijang-bosal

Joseon

Moonbae-do

- Deopeolgae, also called Lion Dog (Hunmongjahoe)

Sapsaree Lying Face Down (Eo Yu-bong, also known as Gi-won)

- Appears in folktales, folksongs, Si-jo, Chun-hyang-jeon, Yeol-ha-ilgi

Monk Kim Gyo-gak
(Jijang-bosal) and Sapsaree
(Gu-hwa-san data/China)
General Kim Yu-shin's pet dog (fable)

01. Silla

A guard dog raised
in royal houses that fights evil spirits
and protects its nation

Koryo Buddhism paintings, shi-jos,
and Gomainu (Koryo dog) reared
by Japanese royal house and
by honorary men

02. Koryo

Sapsarees began to be reared
and loved by the common people

Appears in folktales, folksongs, Si-jos, Chun-hyang-jeon, and Yeol-ha-ilgi

03. Joseon

Deopeol-gae, also called
Lion Dog (Hunmongjahoe)

Joseon

Japanese soldiers killing indigenous dogs

- Yearly slaughter of 100,000-500,000
indigenous dogs

Japan's dog hide exploitation materials of indigenous dogs
(from Forestry Experiment Lab)

- used for making fur accessories according
to a government-affiliated Joseon animal hide company

Used for making fur accessories according to a government-affiliated Joseon animal hide company

04 Japanese Colonization

Yearly slaughter of 100,000-600.000 indigenous dogs (1940-1946)

Indigenous dogs in danger of extinction after Liberation period. Collection and research executed by group from Kyungpook Nat'l University Dep.of Veterinary Medicine

05. 1965-1975

Breeding of approx. 30 Sapsarees in a ranch in Beomeo, Daegu

Used for making fur accessories according to a government-affiliated Joseon animal hide company

06.1986-Presen

Start of full-scale breeding research for recovery of pure-breed Sapsaree in Dae-jo-ri 810 in Hayang-eup, Gyeoungsan

Present

Sapsaree Recovery Research

- Recovery of endangered Sapsarees made possible through Professor
Ha Ji-hong of Kyungpook Nat'l University
- Designated as National Monument #368 in 1992

Sapsaree as the Guardian of Dokdo

- Doing all it can to battle the absurdity of Japan's monarchy

Sapsaree Image Performance

- Cultural events for harmonizing Sapsarees and people
Performance aimed for promotion support

Sapsaree-Therapy

- Visit to an orphanage and having a fun time
with the young orphans during Christmas

07.1992-1998

Designation of Sapsaree of Gyeongsan as National Monument #368, Establishment of corporal Korea Sapsaree Preservation Association

08. 1999-2009

Beginning of Sapsaree distribution, approximately 500 Sapsarees preserved in breeding laboratory, pedigree management of approx. 2600 Sapsarees nationwide via database

09.2010-Present

Establishment of Korea Sapsaree Foundation

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